Varicose veins of the genital organs occur in both men and women. This disease can affect the penis, uterus, testicles, perineum, lips and vulva. Permanent pathological changes not only negatively affect the health of the organs, but also affect the mental state of the patient.
Varicose veins in women
According to statistics, such pathology in women most often occurs on the lips. The first signs of the disease are the deterioration of general well-being, which affects the sexual life.
There are several causes of varicose veins in women:
- Congenital or acquired insufficiency of vascular walls. Varicose veins can be caused by strenuous physical exertion, chronic pelvic disease, or obesity.
- Use of hormonal drugs, including contraceptives.
- Pregnancy. With each subsequent pregnancy, the risk of varicose veins of the female genital organs increases.
The presence of sexual varicose veins is evidenced by symptoms such as the appearance of "stars" or nodules on the veins in the intimate zone. The skin in this area becomes dry and sensitive. Some women develop pigmentation on their lips with varicose veins. The peculiarity of the disease is that the lips begin to enlarge, swelling is formed, which leads to their deformation. It can be enlarged as one lip, and at the same time two. As the disease progresses, the woman begins to feel pain and itching.
The risk group for developing the disease are those women who suffer from varicose veins on their legs.
As for pregnant women, the development of varicose veins of the genital organs occurs due to rapid weight gain, increased physical activity and increased pressure of the uterus on the veins. Strong fetal pressure on the pelvic organs can cause varicose veins. When capillaries burst, which is extremely rare, a woman experiences less bleeding.
It is worth noting that during fetal gestation the disease has no negative effect on him.
If the cause of varicose veins of the genital organs is pregnancy, then the disease will pass on its own a few months after birth. The main condition for recovery in such a situation is the exclusion of heavy physical exertion and weight control.
Varicose veins of the male genital organs
The male genitalia are no less at risk of developing this disease than the female. Superficially located vessels on a healthy male genital organ do not exceed 3-4 mm in diameter. The most common diagnosis is varicocele, or varicose veins of the testicles.
The causes of pathology in most cases are related to the lifestyle of the man, but in some situations the disease may occur due to circumstances beyond the person's control.
The main causes of varicose veins of the genital organs in men are:
- Genital injury.
- Presence of benign or malignant neoplasms.
- Prolonged overcrowding of the bladder, leading to compression of the organs.
- Previous surgical interventions on the pelvic organs.
- Long-term and regular independent delay in the ejaculation process.
- The use of various medications, such as anesthetics, to help prolong sexual intercourse.
- Consequences of infectious diseases of the genital organs.
A man may suspect the presence of varicose veins if nodules of different sizes form under his skin on blood vessels. In addition, there is discomfort and tingling during intercourse. In the excited state, the veins swell, and their density increases significantly.
Against the background of such changes, blood stagnation occurs. In varicose veins, the scrotum is characterized by its enlargement with discoloration. The further development of the disease is fraught with infertility, because the accumulated blood causes the sperm to overheat.
Treatment of varicose veins of the genital organs in women and men
When the disease appears in the process of giving birth to a child, the woman is advised not to strain and wear compression underwear. In case the disease progresses and causes severe discomfort to the future mother, she is prescribed painkillers, hemostatic and antiseptic drugs. All medications and their dose are prescribed by a doctor. Attempts at self-medication can harm the intrauterine development of the child.
In all other cases, the treatment is chosen by the doctor, based on the cause of varicose veins. Surgical intervention is indicated in cases when conservative methods of therapy do not give the desired results or are considered inappropriate.
Modern methods of treating genital varicose veins are performed by phlebectomy, as well as radiofrequency and laser coagulation.
In men, this pathological process is eliminated by conservative treatment due to temporary abstinence from sexual intercourse. In addition, analgesics, anti-inflammatory (nonsteroidal) drugs and anticoagulants are prescribed.
Surgical treatment is performed by alloying method, excision or thrombectomy is performed.